Functions and composition of the traveling system of electric forklift


Published by NEWTON February 29,2024

The driving system bears the gravity of the electric forklift and the loaded and unloaded goods, as well as other external forces acting on the vehicle, such as wind forces, inertial forces, etc. These forces form a spatial force system that balances with various reaction forces (normal, tangential, and lateral forces) and moments exerted by the road surface on the wheels. Due to the different forces applied to vehicles under driving, braking, steering, and other conditions, the forces applied to the driving system are also diverse. The driving system uses wheels to support the road surface, and realizes the vehicle's walking through the rolling of the wheels. The electric forklift manufacturer tells everyone that the walking support system must adapt to uneven road conditions, maintain good contact between the wheels and the road surface, mitigate the impact of uneven road surfaces on vehicles, and avoid or mitigate the adverse impact of impact and vibration on drivers and handling work.

electric forklift

The main functions of the driving system of electric forklift are to integrate the vehicle and support the weight of the entire vehicle and cargo: convert the torque transmitted by the electric motor into the traction force for vehicle driving: withstand and transmit various forces and moments to ensure the normal driving of the vehicle; absorb vibration, cushioning, and impact, and cooperate with the steering system to achieve correct control of the driving direction. Next, the electric forklift manufacturer will tell you about the composition of the driving system of electric forklifts.

The driving system of a three fulcrum electric forklift is relatively simple because the three fulcrums are static and can always ensure good contact between the wheels and the road surface. The traveling support system of a light electric forklift with three fulcrums is mainly composed of wheels and a frame. The two front support wheels are truly connected and firmly supported on the front extension legs (components of the frame). A single rear wheel is supported under the frame through the wheel frame, which can deflect the frame. The electric forklift manufacturer tells everyone that the two front wheels of a three fulcrum counterweight electric forklift are drive wheels. When driving separately, each wheel is independently connected to the frame. When driving centrally, the wheels are connected to the frame through the axle.

electric forklift

The traveling system of a four fulcrum electric forklift generally consists of wheels, axles, frame, and suspension. The wheels are installed at both ends of the axle, which are either directly fixed to the frame or connected to the frame through suspension. Suspension is the general term for a group of force transmitting connectors between the frame and the axle, also known as suspension devices or suspensions. The electric forklift manufacturer tells everyone that its role is to adapt to uneven roads and reduce the impact and vibration that vehicles are subjected to when traveling on uneven roads.

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